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Basic compostion tips for wildlife photography

April 05, 2019  •  4 Comments

     Composition tips for wildlife photography

Subject isolation : Profile shots avoid clutter, keep it simple. Long tele lens gives you shallow depth of field. Red Avadavat(Amandava amandava)_D4S0814Red Avadavat(Amandava amandava)_D4S0814

Flowers and leaves enhance the frame of this Sunbird.

Purple sunbird (Cinnyris asiaticus)_D4R7829Purple sunbird (Cinnyris asiaticus)_D4R7829

Though the background looks completely camouflaged, it is not distracting in this Tiger shot.



Wait for birds to sit on a natural perch. When birds are perched on wires birds you can shoot just for  documentation. Avoid keeping your subject dead center, off center works very well, unless the subject is looking straight to the camera.

Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca)-Juvenile _D4R5832Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca)-Juvenile _D4R5832

Magpie robin_DD34129Magpie robin_DD34129

Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), I composed in the center, as it was looking straight into the camera.

Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus)_D4S0892Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus)_D4S0892

Leave some space in front and top of the subject. Don't keem them in tight frame.

Isabelline Shrike (Lanius isabellinus)_D4R4254Isabelline Shrike (Lanius isabellinus)_D4R4254

When shooting birds, try to catch light in the eyes.

Red wattled lapwingRed wattled lapwing

Don't cut any main part of the subject. Head turn is important in bird photography. Try to get eye contact.

Tawny Eagle (Aquila rapax)_D4R5883Tawny Eagle (Aquila rapax)_D4R5883

Grey Crowned Crane (Balearica regulorum)_DD32154Grey Crowned Crane (Balearica regulorum)_DD32154

Background makes a difference, try to get green background for the birds. Try different points of view to get the best background.

Sarus crane (Grus antigone)_D4S9880Sarus crane (Grus antigone)_D4S9880

If the sky is blue then it is fine, avoid feature less sky.

Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca)_D4R6788Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca)_D4R6788

Try different perspectives, use different focal lengths of your lens.


Elephant herd at Dhikala, Corbett National park, taken with 70mm focal length

Elephant herd_D2X9698Elephant herd_D2X9698Jim Corbett National Park

Same herd taken with close up 200mm focal length.

Asian elephants_DD38468Asian elephants_DD38468Jim Corbett National Park

Try to capture them with natural framing.


Baby elephant_D4S29081Baby elephant_D4S29081Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus),Jim Corbett National Park ,Uttarakhand

Spotted Owlet (Athene brama)_D4R4488Spotted Owlet (Athene brama)_D4R4488

These are some basic composition tips. Framing is subjective, so try to get out of box composition, and try your own style of framing.

Experiment a lot, enjoy making the images.

Happy clicking.

Rathika Ramasamy




Composition tips for habitat image

April 05, 2019  •  7 Comments


Composition tips for better habitat bird/animal photography images.

Composition is a key aesthetic part of photography. It is very subjective. Before composing any images first ask yourself, what sort of image do you want to capture? Is it only documentation? How you are going to shoot? How can you photograph differently? Are you trying to convey some story? If you are going to just click, it is only a snapshot. To create strong images, you need to spend some time on arranging your subjects in the frame. You can previsualize before the shoot, or you can decide on the spot.

Few tips for making some strong images.

How to compose habitat image:

  • Different points of view, move around to get better POV
  •  Don’t lose your subject, Keep it clutter free
  • Avoid feature less sky
  • Zoom lens, try different focal length composition, different lens, like wide angle lens
  • First take one habitat shot, then approach for close up
  • Check all possible locations for a better image

Pelican with typical Bharatpur habitat.

Spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis)_D4R5712Spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis)_D4R5712


Tiger, Telia lake, Tadoba Walking around the Telia lake_D4R0079Walking around the Telia lake_D4R0079

Tiger crossing the Ramganga river, Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand

Tiger scape_D4R9472Tiger scape_D4R9472 If the subjects gives time, try both vertical and horizontal frames

Cat walk _D4S9933Cat walk _D4S9933"Jim corbett nationalpark",Uttarakhand

Red-crested pochard (Netta rufina), habitat image

Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina)_D4R2650Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina)_D4R2650

Red-crested pochard (Netta rufina), Close up image

Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina)_D4R2624Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina)_D4R2624

The image has to showcase the particular habitat, Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius), Rajamalai, Eravikulam National Park

NiligiriTarNiligiriTarEravikulam National park,Rajamalai,Kerala

Grassland of Corbett National park.

Asian elephants_DD38687Asian elephants_DD38687Jim Corbett National Park

Habitat shots not as easy as it seems, you have spend time on creating strong background images.

Respect nature  and enjoy the photography.

Happy Clicking

Rathika Ramasamy

Bird Photography-Tips

April 04, 2019  •  4 Comments


Bird Photography Tips


(Your first task: spot some birds.)

These are a few tips for the beginner.

 Where, when and how do I spot birds?


Local parks, Bird sanctuaries nearby, wetlands, open fields. DO plan what you are looking to shoot. Resident birds or migratory visitors? You should start birding from your backyard - ,India has more than 20 birds who reside in an urban habitat .Find out about hotspots for birds in your town/city, from experienced birders. (Hotspot Definition: your spot should have a lot of bird species, good lighting, and should be close enough for a one-day trip. During winter most places enjoy winter visitors. Summer and monsoon are also very good season for resident birds. DO find out and join your local birding group, which will allow you to keep in touch with local birding hotspots and more information. After exploring your local birding hotspots, if you feel you would like to shoot some more, then it’s time to graduate to other parks/cities.

Indian roller (Coracias benghalensis)_DD32175Indian roller (Coracias benghalensis)_DD32175


Know what you are planning to shoot, the time of year those birds will be present, and more. Collect a checklist of the birds in that area. Read trip reports about places you going visit. Network with groups and nature photographers to help you get more details. To share travel and stay costs, try to plan 3 or 4 photographers, who are at the same learning curve. For example at national parks, the park safari fees are high, but going with a group will enable you to make more trips. If you get a chance to accompany an experienced photographer, so much the better as you can learn lot.


Painted stork (Mycteria leucocephala) _D4S6791Painted stork (Mycteria leucocephala) _D4S6791


Birds are most active in the early morning. Field knowledge, such as bird habitat and routines, is extremely helpful. For example, the Green Bee Eater will perch usually in one spot. Kingfishers usually sit at the edge of water bodies and small ponds, waiting for their prey to surface.

Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)_DD39499Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)_DD39499

Instead of trying to visit new places every time, go to the same place and watch the birds’ activities. Areas full of prey and water bodies are main attractions for the birds. In grasslands you will spot larks and wagtails feeding on insects. Food habits are a prime driver in helping spot ideal places. All birds have a favorite water body - they have to drink at least once a day.

A good field guide is necessary for bird identification. I carry this on all my field trips: ‘Pocket guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent’ by Richard Grimmtt, Carol Inskipp and Tim Inskipp

Along with your camera and accessories, a good pair of binocular helps watch bird activity closely.

Sarus crane (Grus antigone)_D4S1168Sarus crane (Grus antigone)_D4S1168




* Bright clothing

* Loud sounds

* Quick moves

* Hair spray, gel, strongly smelling sun cream

 On spotting the bird, first click a shot, next move a little closer and take a second shot. For birds, no movement means invisibility :). If you find a place which promises birds activity later, Do wait there, instead of running all over and getting no good pictures. Have patience and you’ll have a better chance at coming back with few good shots.

 *If you feel the bird is not comfortable (i.e. looking at you, showing signs of flight) then stop and give it some time to get used to your presence.

 *At sanctuaries, birds are usually used to human presence, so a closer approach is possible.

Grey heron (Ardea cinerea)_BID7213Grey heron (Ardea cinerea)_BID7213

 ***IMPORTANT: Birds and the habitat are more important than your photograph****

 Please remember you are entering their world, so respect nature, DO NOT disturb these beautiful creatures merely for a better photograph. Always maintain a distance and do follow the nature photography ethics.

 Happy birding and happy clicking,


Happy clicking!

Rathika Ramasamy

Oriental dwarf kingfisher (Ceyx erithaca)Oriental dwarf kingfisher (Ceyx erithaca)RATHIKARAMASAMY


Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve-Maharashtra

May 08, 2013  •  33 Comments


              Sharing some images from my Tadoba trip,had good sightings of Telia cubs.Wish the park authority opens all routes soon.


             Telia Tigress


                                          Feeling thirsty

Thirsty Tiger_D4R8952

                                         Tigress got surprise visitor.


Tiger-Sloth bear_D4R9019

                                          Doing some stretching exercises Stretching exercise_D4R9836

                                           Cooling off, it is their favourite pastime in the morning and evening.


             Close up of Telia cub.Telia Tigress_D4R9633              Jaddu ki Jappi-Langur


              Sloth bear (Melursus ursinus)

Sloth bear (Melursus ursinus)_D4R9109

             Spotted DeerSpotted deer_D4R9171

                                         Sambar deerSambar deer _D4R9376

              Road to Tadoba lake


Awesome Kaziranga National Park-Feb 2013

March 11, 2013  •  37 Comments


                 Sharing a few images from Kaziranga National Park, one of the most beautiful national parks in India .
                 My wish to photograph One horned rhino was fulfilled at last.


            Hog deer (Hyelaphus porcinus) on the road.



              In the water-One-horned Rhinoceros

Greater one-horned rhinoceros_D4R5548

             Bar headed goose & Greater one-horned rhinoceros

Greater one-horned rhinoceros__D4R6428


Greater one-horned rhinoceros_D4R5818

             Mother and daughter

Greater one-horned rhinoceros_D4R7111

              Elephant and Pelican


             Traffic jam-Mother and baby elephant  crossing the road.


          Egret and  Elephant


                                                          Wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee)



               Sun basking Turtle familyTurtle family_D4R7018

              Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus)

Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus)_D4R6246






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